The research also revealed that children in these families suffered negative impacts alongside partners, and the concerns of children, as well as families, friends and communities, are also faimly to consider in future research designs. The negative effects of problem or compulsive gambling on the family are widespread in this country.
This qualitative interpretive study explored the impacts of gambling problems on partners. In-depth interviews were conducted with 18 partners and ex-partners of people with gambling problems to understand their experiences of gambling problems from their perspectives. The findings showed that partners experienced a wide range of negative effects, especially on their financial security, their emotional, mental and physical health, and on their gamling.
The financial impacts of gambling problems on partners were substantial and far-reaching. Some partners were forced to take up extra employment to cover household expenses hotel and casino cambodia pay off gambling-related debts. Others lost their savings, homes, belongings and established ways of life.
While these impacts were extensive, partners also experienced a range of emotional impacts that were equally devastating. Partners of people with gambling problems can be especially vulnerable. Indeed, the wide range of issues and needs of partners of people with gambling problems have been long overlooked Grant Kalischuk et al.
People with gambling problems can experience considerable financial debt, physical and mental health problems, relationship breakdown, and legal and work-related problems as a result of their gambling Hodgins et gajbling. Consequently, while gambling gamhling are experienced by only a small proportion of gqmbling population, the effects can be far-reaching. In reality, the financial, health and social impacts of problem gambling are considerable for partners and families of those with gambling problems Hodgins et al.
Nevertheless, financial stress, debt, loan default, harassment by creditors, loss of property and lack of financial security are known to be issues for people with gambling problems Grant Kalischuk, Patford and Steinberg note that partners frequently take responsibility for many aspects of their gambling partner's lives even though these may be unfamiliar and difficult roles and responsibilities.
Similarly, Dickerson found that partners experience gambling family problems problems, stress-related problems, high levels of depressive symptoms, and other physical and emotional health problems. Patford similarly found that, for partners, loss of trust was amongst the most disturbing consequences of problem gambling. Indeed, Downs and Woolrych suggest that trust-breaking behaviour, such as dishonesty, lying, deceit and betrayal, underlies many of the relationship issues experienced by people with gambling problems and can lead to separation and divorce.
Notwithstanding these challenges, some partners do remain with their gambling partner. According to Hodgins and el-Guebalysome partners remain to provide informal control of finances and support for their partner, even though they may have concerns about the loss of internet sportsbook gambling security and other negative consequences.
However, research in this area is limited. Patford argues that far greater research is needed to understand the impacts of gambling problems on partners. Therefore, this study aimed to address this research gap by exploring the experiences of partners of people with gambling problems.
Interpretive qualitative research designs seek in-depth understanding of the multiple fsmily subjective perceptions, meanings and experiences of individuals Charmaz, ; Neuman, The qualitative interpretive methodology was deemed appropriate for this study as the aim was to understand how prroblems experience the negative effects of gambling problems, from their own unique perspectives. The study involved 18 partners and ex-partners of people with gambling problems from across Australia.
Six participants were recruited from a previous gambling study conducted by some of the authors, six through Facebook and Google advertisements, three through a gambling support group and two through personal contacts. Participants ranged in age from 22 to 68 years.
Seventeen were women and one was a man. Seventeen interviews were conducted by telephone and one was conducted face-to-face, between January and April One of the authors, a qualified social worker, conducted the interviews. Gambling family problems interviews were guided by an interview schedule containing broad themes as prompts Minichellio et al.
Interviews were digitally recorded and later professionally transcribed. An objective psychological diagnosis was not relevant or required. The qualitative data analysis software package, NVivo, was also utilised to organise the data, assist the coding process and clarify patterns in the data. The analysis extended beyond identifying semantic phrases or words in the data by further identifying, interrogating famuly explicating underlying latent ideas and meanings related specifically to the research question Boyatzis, ; Guest, Individual participants narratives were also analysed in their entirety to avoid the loss of meaning that can occur when thematic analysis is used in its simplest form Guest, As the following findings show, issues around financial losses, and the way in which they were handled, were interwoven with many of the complex and compounding additional effects partners experienced.
For instance, Bridget and Jill explained:. Then, I came across some paperwork, it was bankruptcy paperwork, so it was pretty bad Jill. Participants experienced unrecognised debt, financial losses, pressure from debt collectors, and financial insecurity.
Many gambliny disclosed their partner gambling family problems gambled savings they believed to be secure. This impacted not only on partners but also on their children. All suffered disruption and deterioration of their established ways of life and their sense of stability and security. I wanted to run a business …. Some partners were expected to provide financial support for their gambling partner, whether financing their gambling activities, the barbary coast hotel and casino off debts, or funding their contribution to household expenses, and this commonly meant increasing their employment and income to cover gambling losses.
All partners took on additional roles and responsibilities as they attempted to address the gambling-related problems and ward off additional negative impacts on themselves and their family. Some took steps to ensure their personal finances were secure; others gambling family problems control of the household finances. This was challenging and stressful for participants probleems Joanna who had never managed the household finances before.
In the end it came down to me making sure all the money was out of his debit card account. I had to take on the whole burden of the finances, so I was in control of his account and in control of his money Joanna. The financial impacts famlly gambling problems on the partners in this study were substantial, detrimental and far-reaching, affecting their financial security and their relationships.
The emotional impacts, however, were described as equally devastating. The most extreme emotions came out of me. A lot of crying, and crying to the point of hyperventilation. When I found out he was gambling, oh Fzmily was gutted, devastated, because I was working, supposedly, for us to get ahead in life.
Consequently, emotional distress was often accompanied by feelings of anger, frustration and resentment, both overt and less apparent. It was like trying to stop a tidal wave. Fear, incredible fear and issues of safety. Fear for the future. I would be shaking with anger as I went through his stuff … there was the fear of finding something. I was a mess Gail. For some participants this sense of guilt and shame was related to the negative impacts their children had also endured because of the gambling problems.
Other particpants discussed the negative effects on their self-esteem. Your self-confidence, I think, just gets destroyed. I became the worse version of myself. I became someone who I hated Gail. These responses not only impacted negatively on their sense of self, self-esteem and identity but also lead to mental and physical health symptoms.
While experiences varied, mental health symptoms were predominatly associated with stress and distressanxiety and depression. Some participants revealed how stress and anxiety related to the gambling problems compromised their ability to work and their casino du cap vert dakar and physical health. Stress and anxiety also affected sleeping patterns and lead to detrimental life changes.
Gajbling depression and depressive thoughts were also reported by some participants. Barbara, Gail and Joanna emphasised the negative effects high levels of stress had on their physical health. Doctors told me my blood pressure was too high and they would put me on medication Joanna. Correspondingly, mental health issues had damaging repercussions for physical health, relationships and the ability to function in wider areas of life.
General fired for gambling most participants in this study, emotional, mental and physical health symptoms were not only compounding in nature, but could also be long-lasting. Some participants revealed that, despite leaving their partner, they continued to suffer related mental and physical health problems.
Participants revealed how, once uncovered, gambling and its associated problems occupied a prominent position within their relationship. Gambling drives a wedge in your relationship and pulls it apart, and it becomes destructive. A growing sense of disconnection and isolation occurred because of the time and resources spent on gambling. However, relationships were also eroded by dishonesty and lies. Leonie and Maureen stressed:.
When I found out we probleks fighting a lot. It was the hurt of him lying. But then he started blaming me Leanne. That affected the relationship the most in the long run Maureen. Dishonesty, lies and loss of trust lead to feelings of betrayal for most participants.
Maureen and Joanna problema. I lost faith in him. I lost trust in him. I felt he was very dishonest and disloyal … he was putting the gambling over the relationship. It tore our relationship apart on almost every level possible because there was just no trust whatsoever Joanna. Dominant among these was the perceived need to take responsibility for family and household matters, a feeling of increasing disconnection and a conscious decision to either leave the partner, or to stay.
Reported negative impacts of gambling problems on partners. Many famuly explained that they were unaware their partner had gambling problems until financial gambling family problems, problemss or bankruptcy were revealed. Thomas and Jackson concur that financial problems fmily a typical signifier of gambling problems. Participants spoke about the considerable difficulties they faced because of financial and related legal problems.
These findings gambling family problems with other studies, such as Dickson-Swift et al. Distress and emotional suffering were evident in all participant responses. These experiences contributed to a growing disconnection and isolation for partners that was not always aided by support from family and friends because of feelings of embarrassment and shame, and the pervasiveness station casino poker rooms stigma surrounding gambling problems.When there's a problem or compulsive gambler in the family, more than just the gambler is negatively affected. The entire family suffers as a. Impacts of problem gambling on families and significant others initiatives that protect partners and their families from the harmful effects of gambling problems. Dowling, N, Suomi, A, Jackson, A & Lavis, T , 'Problem gambling family impacts: development of the Problem Gambling Family Impact Scale', Journal of.